Разработка обобщающего урока в 8-м классе по английскому языку на тему: "A Treasure House of Information" : Иностранные языки
а) Воспитательные: воспитание у учащихся чувства уважения к истории и культуре стран изучаемого языка;
б) образовательные: повторение и закрепление активной лексики уроков I цикла; совершенствование навыков чтения и восприятия на слух (аудирования) по темам "Книги" и "Библиотеки", умения подготовить связное высказывание по теме;
Оборудование: выставка книг английских и американских писателей классической литературы, их пopтреты, карточки с отрывками из разных книг. На доске высказывания о книгах.
I. Организационное начало урока.
II. Сообщение темы и задач урока.
T: Today our lesson is devoted to Treasure House of Information. The aim of the lesson is to practise vocabulary related to the topics "Books" and "Libraries", to speak about literature and writers. We have our lesson in the library.
III. Повторение и закрепление материала раздела I.
1. Комментарии высказываний о книгах, написанных на доске, выражение своей точки зрения.
"Reading is the best learning." (A. Pushkin)
"Old wood best to burn, old wine to drink, old friend to trust and old authors to read." (F. Bacon)
P: Each book is a magic world full of interesting and unknown things and when we read books we get a lot of useful information. We get knowledge not only from reference books, encyclopedias and dictionaries. Fiction books are also interesting to us. We chose authors depending on our tastes and interests. We enjoy reading them, live the life of characters, we feel happy and sad with them.
2. Заполнение диаграммы на доске.
T: Complete the chart below. What kinds of books do we read?
Books: (romance, history, autobiography, fiction, detective stories, poetry, science-fiction, adventure stories, dictionaries, fairy tales, reference books, encyclopedias).
3. Ответы на вопросы.
T: a) Why do people read?
(For information, for fun, to while away the time)
b) Where do they usually get books?
(From school libraries, from town and village libraries, from a bookshop, from the Internet).
4. Использование лексики.
T: Now listen very attentively, try to choose one word to the following definitions:
a) It is extremely useful in our work; it gives information about every branch of knowledge. The articles in it are arranged in alphabetical order.
b) In encyclopedia they are arranged in alphabetical order, as in a dictionary. Each of them has information on a single topic.
c) It tells a lot about the reader and his reading interests.
(a reader\'s card)
d) A short report about a book. It tells just enough to give a person an idea about the story.
(a book review)
e) It shows the order in which the topics in the book are discussed; it gives the title of each chapter and the page on which it begins.
(table of contents)
f) You can find the titles and authors of all books in it.
(a card catalogue/ a computer listing)
g) A learner of a foreign language use it to find the meaning of a word he doesn\'t know and find out how to pronounce it, spell it and also how it is used.
h) These books contain made-up stories.
5. Английские и американские писатели, их произведения.
a) T: Now help our librarian to arrange new books on the bookshelves. There are new books and two shelves of American and English Literature.
Keys: a:3,5,6,8,10; b:1,2,4,7,9.
b) T: Well, you know English and American writers. Now, take the cards and match the authors and their books, please.
|1. William Shakespeare||a) Jane Eyre|
|2. Jonathan Swift||b) The Adventures of Tom Sawyer|
|3. Daniel Defoe||c) The Lord of the Rings|
|4. Charlotte Brontё||d) Gulliver\'s Travels|
|5. Lewis Carroll||e) Romeo and Juliet|
|6. Jack London||f) Alice\'s Adventures in Wonderland|
|7. Mark Twain||g) Robinson Crusoe|
|8. J. R. R. Tolkien||h) The Mousetrap|
|9. Agatha Criestie||i) The White Fang|
|10. J. K. Rowling||j) Harry Potter|
|11. Ernest Hemingway||k) The Old Man and the Sea|
|12. Redyard Kipling||l) The Jungle Book|
(Keys: 1-e, 2-d, 3-g , 4-a, 5-f, 6-i, 7-b, 8-c, 9-h, 10-j, 11- k, 12-l)
6. Писатели и псевдонимы.
T: Many of these writers had pen-names - invented names used by a writer instead of his/her real name. Look at the screen and match the writer and the pen-name.
|1. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson||a) A Ministering Friend|
|2. Charles Dickens||b) Mark Twain|
|3. Samuel Clemens||c) The Citizen of The World|
|4. William Sudney Porter||d) Lewis Carroll|
|5. Daniel Defoe||e) Boz|
|6) Oliver Goldsmith||f) Currer Bell|
|7) Charlotte Brontё||g) O. Henry|
(Keys: 1-d, 2-e, 3-b, 4-g, 5-a, 6-c, 7-f)
7. Знаменитые библиотеки мира.
T: What are the most famous libraries in Russia, Great Britain and the USA?
(The State Lenin Library, The British Library, The Library of Congress)
T: Well, now look at the screen and choose the correct answer from choices listed below:
1.___________________ was founded in 1753.
a) The British Library
b) The Library of Congress
c) The State Lenin Library
2.__________________________ is a famous document in British History agreed in 1215 by King John of England which sets limits on royal powers.
a) The British Constitution
b) The Magna Carta
c) The Gutenberg Bible
3. The Library of Congress occupied one room in the building of .__________________
a) the White House
b) the City Hall
c) the Capitol
4. The Library of Congress now occupies three huge buildings including the James Madison Memorial Building. J. Madison was an American_______________ .
5. Well-known literary and historical personages worked in the Library of the British Museum,_____ is among them.
a) W. Shakespeare
b) A. Pushkin
c) V. Lenin
(Keys: 1-a, 2-b, 3-c, 4-b, 5-c)
8. Идиомы и пословицы о книгах.
T: There are a lot of idioms, sayings and proverbs related to books. Listen to the descriptions of the meaning of idioms and name them:
a) to understand someone very well
(read someone like a book);
b) to infer something (from something); to see what is really meant by what is written or said
(read between the lines);
c) you can\'t tell what a person or thing is like from its outward appearance
(you can\'t tell a book by its cover);
d) according to the rules
(by the book);
e) to be reading a book; to read books all the time
(to have one\'s nose in a book);
f) to open a book to study
(crack a book);
g) to begin to study; to study
(hit the books);
h) to charge or convict (someone) with as many crimes as possible
(to throw the book at).
T: OK. Now, finish the proverbs:
a) Reading is to the mind...
(what exercise is to the body);
b) All books are divisible into two classes...
(the books of the hour and the books of all time);
c) Choose an author as...
(you choose a friend);
d) Books and friends should be...
(few but good)
9. Чтение отрывка из книги и определение жанра этой книги.
T: Now we\'ll have a reading task. There are cards with passages from different books, try to determine what they offer:
№1. Lollipop Am. E. – a hard sweet made of boiled sugar and fixed on a stick, which is eaten by licking. Br. E. – frozen juice, ice cream etc. on a stick. Lollipop man, lollipop woman, lollipop Lady – n. Br. E. – a person whose job is to stop traffic (so that school children can cross) by turning towards the cars a stick with a sign on top showing that they should stop. (Dictionary of English Language and Culture)
№2. My Heart’s in the Highlands.(R. Burns)
My Heart’s in the Highlands, my heart is not here,
My Heart’s in the Highlands a-chasing the deer,
A-chasing the wild deer and following the roe -
My Heart’s in the Highlands, wherever I go! (poetry)
№3. Romeo and Juliet
Benvolio: Good morrow, cousin.
Romeo: Is the day so young?
Benvolio: It struck nine.
Romeo: Ay me! Sad hours seem long.
Benvolio: What sadness lengthens Romeo’s hours?
Romeo: Not having that which makes them short.
Benvolio: In love?
Benvolio: Of love?
Romeo: Out of her favour
Benvolio: Alas that love should be so tyrannous! (play)
№4. Domesday Book.
Having conquered England , William wanted to know just how much it was worth. In 1086 he ordered a detailed description to be made. In the words of the Anglo- Saxon Chronicle, ‘so very thoroughly did he have the enquiry carried out that not even one ox or one con or one pig escaped notice’ All this information was written down in Domesday Book.
Thanks to Domesday Book we know much more about England than about any other part of eleventh- century Europe. It shows, for example, that by 1086, twenty years after the Norman Conguest, there were hardly any rich landowners of English birth left in England. It was a land ruled by Frenchmen , especially by William’s favourite Normans.(History)
№5. A way to success.
In the United States young actors usually go to Hollywood because most of the movies are made there. I didn’t go to Hollywood – it was my home, my family moved from New York to California before I was born. There are beautiful houses in Hollywood, but it isn’t all beautiful. My mother and I lived in a bad street where drugs and criminals were no surprise. My father moved away from home shortly after my birth but he often visited us and I was happy. I was not always a good boy, school didn’t interest me much. I liked playing and having fun. My first time on TV was at five but since I always wanted to play the show’s produces got angry with me and I had to wait for about nine years before my next chance. But TV wasn’t the only interesting thing, there remained books and movies, animals and the ocean. (autobiography)
IV. Проверка домашнего задания.
T: Your hometask was to prepare some creative work – writing a book review to any book you’ve read. Now, get ready to present your reviews.
One of the reviews:
P: The book review to the novel “Jane Eyre”. The author is Charlotte Brontё. She published her works under male pseudonym Currer Bell. The author used autobiographical elements in Jane Eyre.
The plot is about a child’s growing up and describes five periods of life of Jane Eyre:
- Jane’s childhood at Gateshead.
- Her education at the Lowood School.
- Time as Adele’s governess at Thornfield.
- Time with the Rivers family.
- Marriage to Roshester.
The novel is full of mysterious events (Jane’s meetings with ghosts). The author creates the atmosphere of suspense and fear.
Jane Eyre is the main character and narrator of the novel. She is intelligent, honest and hardworking.
If you read the book you’ll learn a lot about England and the Victorian Society in England.
Everyone interested in English history, traditions and people can enjoy it very much.
V. Подведение итогов урока. Обсуждение и выбор лучшей рецензии на книгу.
T: Our time is over. I am happy to say we’ve done a lot of useful work. You worked well during the lesson.
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